By author, Herbert Misiani, ICPAC Climate Researcher

Contributions by ICPAC Climate Change Technical Working Group

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Source: www.recode.net

Climate is chaotic in nature, with many processes and feedbacks which have not been fully understood. Predicting the future states of such a system is often a big challenge and often requires quality long-term climate records spanning several decades. The rising global temperatures have not made things any better for climate scientists since they have already impacted different aspects of climate variability. Every day different centers around the world churn out additional petabytes worth of data; for example, data from conventional observing stations, climate simulations…


By guest author, Dr Tedd Moya Mose, Oxford Martin Fellow at Oxford University’s Martin Programme on Integrating Renewable Energy.

Contributions by ICPAC Climate Change Technical Working Group

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This article aims at highlighting three broad conceptions of how the global energy industry has a direct relationship with the climate. This energy-climate union is fraught with some peculiar problems. Broadly, these issues are: the dilemma, the trilemma and the quadrilemma. ‘Why is this important?’, one may ask. It is only by understanding the main problems in this relationship that one may propose suitable pathways for resolving them. …


Regional Coordination of Food Security Threats: Challenges and Opportunities

By Kenneth Kemucie Mwangi

Contributions by ICPAC’s Climate Change Working Group

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“A Swarm of Locusts” by Emil Schmidt

Food security in Eastern Africa is being compounded by an array of challenges which include climate related disasters, peace and security, decreasing area of arable land, and the decreasing productivity of agricultural land. Over the recent years, these challenges seem to have intensified. The region is currently battling an unprecedented desert locust invasion, floods, COVID-19 pandemic, and now a risk of a drier than usual cropping season.

IGAD projected that without immediate adequate response, the current food security and nutrition…


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Unsplash

By Emebet A. Jigssa and Collison Lorez

Contributions by ICPAC’s Climate Change Working Group

The weather forecast is a crucial component for decision making and ameliorating vulnerability of small-holder farmers in East Africa, where the land is frequently prone to floods, famine and desert locust. Farmers in East Africa continues to be exposed to extreme climate events that have increased both in frequency and intensity — negatively affect their harvests, food security, and general livelihoods.


By Eunice Koech

Contributions by ICPAC’s Climate Change Working Group

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weather.html

The October to December (OND) season popularly known as the short rains season is an important rainfall season for the equatorial and southern sectors of eastern Africa countries (Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, south-eastern Ethiopia, Somalia, and Tanzania). These are countries that experience two major rainfall seasons in a year: March to May and October to December. Generally, the southward movement of the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and the convergence of the moist south-easterly to south-westerly (Somali Jet) and the dry northerly to north-easterly winds over the region, are the…


By Yvonne Maingey

Contributions by ICPAC’s Climate Change Working Group

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© Cristina Daura

The huge economic, health, and societal ramifications of COVID-19 has set the whole world back in its efforts to achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs). What does this mean for global, as well as regional climate action? As the world has focused on the immediate health, economic and social impacts of the pandemic, there is a risk that the pending climate crisis will be ignored.

Arguably, the African continent will be hardest hit by climate change. IPCC projections of climate change suggest that East Africa will experience warmer temperatures; a 5–20% increase in rainfall from December to…


By Dr Monica Nderitu

Contributions by ICPAC Climate Change Technical Working Group

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Increased utilisation of space for food crops (Source: Food and Agricultural Organisation)

As the world grapples with impacts of climate variability and change, the situation has further been exacerbated by the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. This situation has negatively impacted all economic sectors leaving many breadwinners without any source of income. Additionally, most economies have been negatively impacted by government enforced lockdown. In Kenya, the cessation of movement and curfew was implemented, forcing people to be confined with minimal and often very expensive food products arriving into the cities. In July 2020, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and its partners issued a call to prevent a major food…


By Oliver Kipkogei, Dr. Linda Ogallo and Collison Lore

Contributions by ICPAC Climate Change Technical Working Group

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21centurypublicservant.wordpress.com

Eastern Africa, particularly the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) of the Horn of Africa (HoA), are extremely vulnerable to climate variability and change (Liebmann et al., 2014; Ogallo 2010; Segelle et al., 2009). These areas are largely inhabited by pastoralist and smallholder agro-pastoralist communities, who are often technologically and financially ill-prepared to adapt to weather and climate variability. …


By Emebet Jigssa

Contributions by Kenneth Kemucie Mwangi and Jasper Mwesigwa

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Wind blows, keeping its season driven pattern bringing much needed rainfall. Unfortunately, it also happens to be the major vehicle carrying desert locusts from country to country, crossing borders, oceans and continents.

Since the outbreak in 2019, the Eastern Africa region has fallen under the desert locust threat amidst floods, food insecurity, and other natural and man-made problems yet to unravel. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Ethiopia and Somalia had not seen such severe desert locust outbreaks in more than 25 years, Uganda in 60 years, and Kenya in 70 years.

Desert locusts hatch in…


A paradigm shift for effective mitigation and adaptation

By Collison Lorez

Contributions by ICPAC Climate Change Technical Working Group

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© Lynn’s Weather Watch

The ravages of climate change pose a grave danger to regional food security and general development. The most cited effects include extreme climatic events such as cyclones, cyclical floods and droughts, and a reduction in arable land, among others. Eastern Africa faces increased vulnerability owing to communities’ heavy reliance on agriculture. Adaptation and mitigation have come up as two major climate change strategies in the region. Projects such as the Agricultural Climate Resilience Enhancement Initiative (ACREI) being implemented by the IGAD Climate Centre (ICPAC), in Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia are a case in point. …

ICPAC

🌍🛰️ Climate Services, early warnings and Earth Observation for Sustainable Development in Eastern Africa.

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